John asked in Science & MathematicsEngineering · 3 weeks ago

# Does grounding reduce voltage?

If you stick one end of a toaster in the ground, and the other into a hot 120vac line, is the voltage cut in half?

The earth is an electron sink, meaning it aborbs electrons but it doesn't give them up as easily, right?

So during the negative phase, no current would flow?

Relevance
• 1 week ago

No electrons go to ground in normal conditions, ground is there in case of lightning strike. Return ground aka Single-wire earth return is another thing and is used to bring electricity to remote areas.

• Anonymous
2 weeks ago

You're confused!!

• Sean K
Lv 5
2 weeks ago

The black wire is 120 volts from the utility’s generator. The white wire or neutral is connected to ground. Ground is the return path back to the generator. It’s easier than running a dedicated wire back the generator to complete the circuit.

• 3 weeks ago

No, the earth is not an electron sink.

The earth does not absorb electrons, It conducts them back to the source, a conductor returning to the power plant of origin.

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• 3 weeks ago

Just so's ya knows:

Man made electricity, whether from a generator or a battery, has NO RELATION to the earth at all. Man made electricity (dynamic electricity) will not travel into the earth unless there is a return wire connected to it. Only nature's electricity (static electricity) wants to go to the earth.

Make sure you get this, because a misunderstanding of this one little fact is the cause of much confusion the world over.

• Zirp
Lv 7
3 weeks ago

> is the voltage cut in half?

no, it alternates between minus 120 and plus 120

> The earth is an electron sink, meaning it aborbs electrons but it doesn't give them up as easily, right?Nope, it accepts them just as easily as it lets them go

What do you mean by "toaster"?

• 3 weeks ago

GET THE SAME VOLTAGE 120V BECAUSE GROUND IS TIGHT WITH NEUTRAL LINE.

• 3 weeks ago

No.  There are three AC lines.  Hot, neutral, and ground.  Neutral is already tied to ground at your circuit breaker box.  The neutral lines just make sure that everything is grounded in a single place.  The Ground line at the outline is only to protect against hot shorts to the appliance and keep it from traveling through you.  The earth has plenty of electrons to give up.  All you need is a negative voltage.

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