What was Alexander the Great's most difficult/challenging battle?
I believe he never lost a single battle, but was there any that was particularly challenging/could have lost if things played out slightly differently?
- Greg ToolsonLv 72 months agoFavourite answer
As Phil said, the battle of the Hydaspes in the spring of 326BC certainly was the nearest Alexandros III came to defeat, and after the battle his generals Koinos and Krateros urged him to cease the campaign. Alexandros agreed to this and the army carried on as an exploratory expedition east into modern day India up to the Hyphasis river and then followed it south down to the Indus river. Later in the autumn however, Alexandros besieged the city of Multan and it was here that he was almost fatally wounded when he singly breached the city's walls and was shot by an Indian arrow. By the summer of 325 a recovered Alexandros again continued the campaign and engaged a battle with Indian king Sambros at Sindimana(modern Sehwan). From here Krateros was sent westward while another portion of the army constructed a fleet on the Indus' mouth at Pattala to be captained by Nearkhos, while Alexandros himself marched his part of the army through the Gedrosian desert (modern Baluchistan) to met up the next year with Krateros in Karmania, southern Iran. From there they returned to Opis in Mesopotamia by the spring of 324, but it was here that Krateros led an all-out mutiny after which Alexandros had him discharged home to Makedon. The next year in 323BC Alexandros died in Babylon.
Other difficult campaigns for Alexandros:
-The siege of Termessos in early 333BC. Alexandros simply could not capture the Pisidian's lofty citadel and had to give up. Not a defeat, but not a victory either, and for the Pisidians it was a success.
-The siege of Tyre in 332BC took Alexandros almost eight months and the construction of a causeway into the sea before capturing the city.
-In the start of 330BC Alexandros led the final battle against the Persians in the snowy passes of the Zagros mountains. Despite greatly outnumbering the Persian forces the Makedonians suffered much greater loses before finally breaching the pass by an alternate route.
-In 329BC, while Alexandros was in Marakanda(modern Samarkand) he sent out an army under the command of Pharnukhes of Lykia which was completely destroyed on the Polytimetos (modern Zeravshan) river by a joint force of Sogdians and Skythians under the chieftain Spitamenes. Alexandros then had to pursue Spitamenes through the mountains of northern Afghanistan before finally defeating him.
-Before entering the Indian subcontinent, for more than two months in late 327BC and early 326, Alexandros was cut off from his supply lines and his army stranded in the Hindu-Kush mountains until finally defeating the Gandaharan-Indian forces at Aornos Rock.
- larry1Lv 62 months ago
Well, certainly ....Gaugamela...331BC where he met the whole Persian host and was outnumbered 2 to 1 in year 331BC...and won huge....3,000 Macedonians dead...up to 50,000 Persians and their king in flight.
- Larry CLv 72 months ago
He and his soldiers walked away from the 250,000 Indian troops once he crossed the river and saw them.
- PhilLv 62 months ago
That battle near the end of his life where he was almost fatally wounded and his favorite horse was killed. ( see video of the battle from the movie " Alexander"below).
He and his troops were attacking an Indian king. The resistance put up by King Porus and his men won the respect of Alexander, who asked Porus to become one of his satraps.
Alexander won the battle of Hydaspes (326 BC) but at great cost losing almost half his army. After that near defeat instead of heading East into India they went up North into what is now Afghanistan where his worn down soldiers fought a few more battles then refused to go any further. Alexander went back to Babylon where he died of a fever. His empire being carved up between his generals.
ps, The battle was in what is now modern day Pakistan.
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- Sir CausticLv 72 months ago
Oh, yes. Yes, there were lots of battles like that. Yes indeed. I could tell you stories, believe me. Stories of bravery, near-loss and compassion. Stories of betrayal, near misses, calumny and men hitting each other sticks. The greatest stories ever told, in other words. But I can't be bothered as you're just a pointless, anon twit. Hope this helped.
- Anonymous2 months ago
He lost the battle w/ whatever killed him. His most complicated was the Battle of Issus.