Anonymous
Anonymous asked in HealthDiseases & ConditionsDiabetes · 3 months ago

“the way sugar is metabolized in your body.”?

What does that mean and why is it important? Why are there different types? differentiate between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. talk about insulin production and cell receptors. 

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  • Shay
    Lv 7
    3 months ago

    The way sugar is metabolized in your body is your body's ability to process the sugar that you eat and turn it into energy for the body to use.  It is important because sugar is actually the fuel that functions every part of the body.  One important thing to clear up - ALL CARBOHYDRATES BECOME SUGAR IN THE BLOOD.  It is NOT just about "sugar" - it is about ANY food that is a carbohydrate - because ALL carbohydrate become sugar.

    The body produces insulin.  That insulin turns the sugar in the blood into fuel for the body.  If you eat too much - the body will start storing it as fat.There are different types of diabetes just to distinguish between what is causing it and how to treat it.Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune disorder.  It destroys the body's ability to make insulin.  When the body can't make insulin, then it can't change the sugar into fuel and sugar levels in the blood goes up.  The ONLY treatment for type 1 diabetes is insulin injections to replace the insulin the body can't make.  Type 1 diabetes usually shows up during childhood.  It is rare (but not impossible) to be diagnosed as type 1 after the age of about 20 or 21.  There is no cure or reversing type 1 diabetes.  It is NOT the fault of the parents of the child.  It is a condition that could not have been avoided even if they knew it could happen.

    Type 2 diabetes is caused by MANY risk factors.  Some of these risk factors includes poor eating habits, obesity, lack of activity, and genetics.  (YES - there IS a genetic factor).  Type 2 diabetes is considered to be insulin resistance.  Your body is still making insulin but the cells that should be using it to process sugar is "resistant" to using the insulin being supplied.  This would be the "cell receptors" issue.  The cells aren't correctly using the insulin.  There is a wide variety of treatments for type 2.  If it is caught early enough - sometimes just correcting and reducing some of the risk factors might reverse the condition.  It is never truly "cured" because returning to the bad habits that started the condition would cause it to come back.

    Simply put - type 1 diabetes mean the body stopped producing insulin and type 2 means the body stopped correctly using the insulin that is still being produced.

    And - to make one thing clear - stopping added sugars will NOT prevent type 2 diabetes.  You can still over eat on other forms of carbohydrates and still create the same issues that can cause type 2 diabetes.   Added sugar alone is not the "bad guy" for type 2 - it is just a great way to increase the risks.  AndyC has been known to give bad advice.  So - yes - stopping added sugars REDUCES RISK - but it is NOT a guaranteed way to PREVENT it.   

  • 3 months ago

    Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. It is not genetic, although genetics can be a contributing factor. Type 2 diabetes is both genetic and can be totally lifestyle related. So many people get this totally WRONG. 

    In type 1 diabetes an acute infection with a high fevers over 102°F over several days can trigger the immune system to over react. It damages or totally destroys the insulin producing cells in the Isles of Langerhans in the pancreas. Triggering infections chan be f6lu, chicken pox, roseola (a strep infection), pneumonia, red measles, and probate rubella and mumps. 

    There is also gestational diabetes that happens in pregnant women who are unable to produce enough insulin for themselves and the baby.

    There is also what is called double diabetics. They are often insulin resistant AND are on both oral medications and insulin. Type 2 diabetics are often insulin resistant . Type 1 diabetics can be insulin resistant. I AM a type 1 diabetic for more than 65 years. I am not insulin resistant. 

  • Andy C
    Lv 7
    3 months ago

    Easy.  Table sugar, AKA sucrose,  is 50% glucose and 50% fructose.

    Diabetes I is genetic and seemingly random,  whereas diabetes II is 99.99999% due to liver dysfunction,  with the biggest cause being fructose. 

    ANY cell in your body can and will metabolize (break down and use) glucose. 

    ONLY certain liver cells can metabolize fructose, so regular large amounts overwhelm the liver, causing toxins called reactive oxygen species (ROS) to build up, causing inflammation,  which causes MORE inflammation that causes liver dysfunction and then OTHER organs begin to be dysfunctional.  When the 'winning' organ is the pancreas,  we call it diabetes II. 

    And quitting added sugars PREVENTS diabetes II from ever happening. 

    Another side effect of this process is heart disease,  and most of it.

    Another is obesity (about 85%).

    Another is acne. 

    Another is PCOS.

    Another is hypothyroidism. 

    It just depends upon which organ wins the race towards failure. 

    Source(s): "Fat Chance..." by Dr. Robert Lustig M.D, a pediatric endocrinologist who treats obesity and diabetes II as well as advocate for the truth.
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