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What do meteorologists mean when they say the sun is higher in the sky in March? When is the sun at its peak? Is it in June?

This is noticeable when in March it is 35 degrees but the rays of the sun add warmth while in January at the same temperature the sun feels less warm. I'd like to know when the sun is closest to Earth and when it is furthest? At what time of year does the sun begin losing its warmth?

7 Answers

  • 1 month ago

    What meteorologists say is that, in March, the Sun **can** get higher in the sky than it can in January (if the meteorologists are talking about the experience of people living on Earth's northern hemisphere).

    The Sun doesn't get warmer or cooler. It is always very hot. The difference in the amount of heat you get from the Sun, between Summer and Winter, is caused by the tilt of Earth's axis.

    The best way to get what that can mean is to think of people near the North Pole in the Winter. The Sun is hardly even seen! It barely gets above the horizon at sunrise, and then in the next hour, it's already time for sunset! Then comes a Very Long night. Hardly any warming happens.

    In the Summer, the opposite thing happens. Up by the North Pole, the Sun is up almost 24 hours a day!

    In the southern half of Earth, if you're near the South Pole, there's only a couple hours of daylight in their winter.

    If you're living near the Earth's Equator, then there is very little difference in the Sun's path across the sky in Summer versus Winter.

    For the people living between the Equator and the poles is where the path of the Sun across the sky is different between Summer and Winter.

    As other answerers here have already said, the difference in how close the Earth is to the Sun is a minor issue. The amount of solar radiation (heating) in the Northern Hemisphere's summer is 93.55% of the solar radiation in the Southern Hemisphere's summer. The difference in warming because of the Earth's axial tilt (how high in the sky the sun can get during the day) is WAY more important! (Unless you live within a mile or so of the Equator.)

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  • Clive
    Lv 7
    1 month ago

    They don't say any such thing. And the Sun is closest in January, and furthest in June. That's not what causes seasons. It's the Earth's tilt that does that.

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  • 1 month ago

    In the Northern hemisphere, the sun gets higher in the sky up to June 21st, the summer solstice. (The day can actually vary a bit.) But, Earth is tilted 23.5 degrees, and on or about June 21st, the North pole is tilted toward the sun the most, giving us our longest day, and placing the sun at it's maximum altitude. 

    The Earth is *closest* to the sun in early January, and furthest in early July. 

    The sun's overall 'temperature' doesn't change noticeably throughout the year, but Earth's tilt - allowing for less direct or more direct sunlight and heating - is the largest factor dealing with seasons. 

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  • It has nothing to do with the season or time of the year.  It all has to do with the orbit of the Sun and Earth.

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  • 1 month ago

    The altitude of the Sun is highest in the sky northern hemisphere is at the summer solstice at local noon at around June 21. Earth is closest to the Sun, perihelion, , around January 3. Earth is farthest from the Sun around July 3-4. Not everyone is going to agree about when the Sun loses its warmth. I've experienced several New Years days in New Orleans when it got to 80°F ir slightly higher. Ive seen the temperature drop from 93°F to 28" F on March 3 in central Oklahoma.

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  • 1 month ago

    The seasons have nothing to do with how close to the sun we are.  We are in an elliptical orbit so we do get closer and farther from the sun, but only a little (relatively speaking).  We are closest to the sun in January, farthest in July.

    But the seasons have to do with the tilt of the earth.  When it's summer in the northern hemisphere, the tilt is such that the north pole is tilted towards the sun, so the rays shine more directly, more straight-down, on the northern hemisphere.  The sun is higher in the sky, closer to directly overhead.  In winter in the northern hemisphere, the north pole is tilted away from the sun so the sun is lower in the sky in the northern hemisphere, but higher in the sky in the southern hemisphere.  That's why Australia and South Africa have their summer when our northern hemisphere countries hare having our winter.

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  • 1 month ago


    It explains it all very well.

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