What is the formal charge of nitrogen in Nitric oxide NO?
- pisgahchemistLv 78 months ago
Formal charge on nitrogen ....
Formal charge is not the same as either ionic charge or oxidation state. Formal charge is the hypothetical charge if all the bonds were 100% covalent.
Calculate formal charge:
FC = VE - NBE - 1/2 BE ..... VE = valence electrons, NBE = nonbonding electrons, BE = bonding electrons
Start with the Lewis diagram. NO is a free radical with one unpaired electron on nitrogen along with a lone pair. N has 3 nonbonding electrons, and oxygen has two lone pairs in the Lewis diagram.
FC on N = 5 - 3 - 1/2(4) = 0
FC on O = 6 - 4 - 1/2(4) = 0
The formal charges on both oxygen and nitrogen are zero.
- Anonymous8 months ago
I'm going to go with +2 since oxygen is almost always -2.