What are the physical characteristics of robust australopithecines?

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  • 1 month ago

    Paranthropus is a genus of extinct hominids that lived between 2.6 and 1.1 million years ago. Also known as robust australopithecines, they were bipedal hominids probably descended from the gracile australopithecine hominids (Australopithecus) 2.7 million years ago.

    The genus is characterised by robust craniodental anatomy, including gorilla-like sagittal cranial crests which suggest strong muscles of mastication, and broad, grinding herbivorous teeth. Most species of Paranthropus had a brain about 40 percent the size of that of a modern human. There was some size variation between the different species of Paranthropus, but most stood roughly 1.3 to 1.4 m (4 ft 3 in to 4 ft 7 in) tall and were quite well muscled. Paranthropus is thought to be bipedal based on the anatomical structure of its hips, legs, and feet, which resemble both its ancestor, Australopithecus afarensis, and modern humans.

  • 1 month ago

    round and plump

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