promotion image of download ymail app
Promoted
Mayah asked in Science & MathematicsPhysics · 9 months ago

A student is throwing rocks off of a bridge straight down into a river below.?

A student is throwing rocks off of a bridge straight down into a river below. If he throws a rock with an initial speed of 10 m/s and it takes 2.1s to hit the water, how high is the bridge? Ignore Air resistance.

7 Answers

Relevance
  • 9 months ago
    Favourite answer

    Easy answer:

    Distance = -g/2×(t)^2 - v×(t)

    Distance = - 4.9× (2.1)^2 - 10×(2.1) = -42.6 m

    minus means below bridge.

  • Jim
    Lv 7
    9 months ago

    y(t) = ½at² +v₀t + h₀. <<<< memorize this. it's used extensively!!!

    y is the distance

    a is the acceleration, gravity in this case

    t is time and must agree with the time units of the other factors

    v₀ is the initial velocity, 10m/s

    h₀ is initial height or position, in this case zero

    'a' s Earth Standard Gravity in most projectile flights (but not always!!!)

    The precise strength of Earth's gravity varies depending on location. The nominal "average" value at the Earth's surface, known as "standard gravity" is, by definition, 9.80665 m/s² (about 32.1740 ft/s²).

    y(t) = ½at² +v₀t + h₀ put in your known values

    0 = ½ * -9.80665 * (2.1)² -10*2.1 + h

    notice 'down' is a negative number

    h = 21.62366325 + 21

    h = 42.62366325 m

    Sigfigs: 2

    h = 43 m

    • Commenter avatarLog in to reply to the answers
  • Tom
    Lv 7
    9 months ago

    THROWING or dropping---there is a difference---Throwing would imply extra velocity was being added to the rocks.

    • Mayah9 months agoReport

      The question is not trying to imply extra velocity

    • Commenter avatarLog in to reply to the answers
  • 9 months ago

    Your student should have read the sign "No throwing rocks off this bridge. Penalty includes a fine of $1000 and 1 month in prison".

    s = ut + 1/2 a t^2

    = -10 * 2.1 - 1/2 * 9.8 * 2.1^2 ~= - 43m

    ie it FELL 43 m so the bridge was 43 m high.

    Note that as the time was only quoted as 2.1 s the distance is actually "between 41.6 and 43.6 m"

    2.1 is not identical to 2.10 or 2.100

    • Commenter avatarLog in to reply to the answers
  • What do you think of the answers? You can sign in to give your opinion on the answer.
  • 9 months ago

    Use the equation of motion:

    y(t)= y0 + v0t + 1/2 g t^2

    y(t) is the height at any time t, v0 is the initial velocity, g is the accel due to gravity, and t is the time

    for a problem like this, be careful how you choose signs; let's say down is the positive direction (we can make any choice for positive we wish, but we have to be careful to be consistent)

    let's set y = 0 to be the launch point, then going down is increasing in distance,

    thus, we want to know what is the value of y when t = 2.1 s

    we have:

    y(t = 2.1s) = 0+ 10 m/s * 2.1 s + 1/2 g (2.1s)^2

    solve this equation and get the distance from the launch point to the river

    • Commenter avatarLog in to reply to the answers
  • oubaas
    Lv 7
    9 months ago

    Vf = Vo+g*t = 10+9.806*2.1 = 30.593 m/sec

    conservation of energy shall apply :

    Vf^2 = Vo^2+2gh

    h = (Vf^2-Vo^2)/2g = (935.91-100)/19.612 = 42.62 m

    • Commenter avatarLog in to reply to the answers
  • 9 months ago

    Let’s use the following equation to calculate the distance the ball falls in 2.1 seconds.

    d = vi * t + ½ * a * t^2

    The ball has a vertical acceleration of -9.8 m/s^2.

    d = 10 * 2.1 + ½ * -9.8 * 2.1^2 = -0.609 meter

    This is the vertical displacement of the ball. The negative sign means the ball final height 0.609 meter below its initial height. I hope this is helpful for you. So the height of the bridge is 0.609 meter.

    • ...Show all comments
    • Andrew Smith
      Lv 7
      9 months agoReport

      The question stated the SPEED of the object. Not its velocity. But earlier it stated "straight down" which gives rise to a sign. Therefore acceleration and velocity must have the same sign.

    • Commenter avatarLog in to reply to the answers
Still have questions? Get answers by asking now.