How come lions and tigers can mate and produce offsprings?
They’re not from the same species. There’s some animal called liger. It’s the hybrid offspring of a male lion and a female tiger.
- STEPHENLv 78 months ago
Although different species lions and tigers are very closely related. Close enough to be able to produce offspring, but far enough apart for that offspring to be sterile.
- English GuyLv 68 months ago
They are both cats that have changed to suit their environment as they drifted apart in different directions.but are still cats. A horse and zebra can also mate but not a cat and a horse. That would be like putting a PlayStation disk in an Xbox and expecting it to play a new hybrid game. It will not happen.
- Elaine MLv 79 months ago
Their genetics divided fairly recently in time (remember all large felines originated in the Americas, the majority of them walked the land bridge over to Asia and beyond). They can have a hybrid but no zoo will take them, and they have no place now in the wild - the Asiatic lion is extinct so the two species no longer meet.
North America had a giant cheetah, the bones are found as far east as Maryland. They connected this to the fact that pronghorn antelope can run at 45 mph to avoid predators but all the current predators can run at about half that speed, the cheetah caused them to evolve faster. We still have pronghorn, but no cheetah.
All the sabertooth cats stayed on North/South Americas. The closest relative to them is in Asia now, the clouded leopard. Cougars stayed here, as well as jaguars, but leopards left. Bobcats are both here and in Europe. Ditto the lynx.
- Anonymous9 months ago
They are both pantherine or roaring cats. There are 5 species, and they are the lion, tiger, leopard, jaguar and snow leopard. They evolved from a common ancestor closely related to the clouded leopard, a medium sized cat. All cats big and small share a common ancestor, but the roaring cats share an ancestor more recently than any of them does with, say, the cheetah, house cat, ocelot, bobcat and cougar.
If 2 different species last shared an ancestor recently, they may not have evolved to be so different that they can no longer interbreed with each other. Nevertheless, in nature, 2 different species, even if they can produce hybrids, usually refuse to interbreed. The reason for their refusal is that each species is adapted to a different lifestyle and environment, and their hybrids would not be as well adapted to the lifestyle or environment of either parent. As a result they do not compete well with either species, and because of that individuals that do not make sure they mate only with their own species will end up leaving fewer descendants. Over many generations, those that do not observe species boundaries will be weeded out.
To help them avoid being weeded out and to make sure each species only mates with individuals of the same species, most species have evolved ways to recognize individuals of the same species. Moths and snakes for example evolve different phermones, so that only individuals of the same species will be attracted to the phermones of their own species. Humans too release phermones to attact each other. Although we cannot smell our own phermones, we are nevertheless attracted by it and it changes our behavior subconsciously. Other kinds of animals such as birds may use plumage colors and/or songs to identify each other. Frogs use different mating calls to find their own species. Scientists call these ways different species use to avoid interbreeding "pre-mating isolation" mechanisms.
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- οικοςLv 79 months ago
There is also a tigon, the reverse mating.
You've been taken in by the genetic species concept, very popular nowadays, except with the people who specialize in classification. Those of us who do point out that it is useless for the vast majority of species, those that are known only from fossils and those that reproduce asexually. Not only can similar species interbreed (and sometimes produce fertile offspring, but there are minnows that are fully fertile across generic lines too.
- DixonLv 79 months ago
They are very close genetically and apparently a shaved lion and shaved tiger would be almost physically identical but the offspring don't produce a sustainable line.
- Anonymous9 months ago
They can mate to produce hybrid offspring because they are similar enough genetically (a relatively close common ancestor). However, hybrid offspring are infertile (with the exception of one mule that was found to be fertile years ago) because they are too genetically dissimilar. I'm not sure of the exact mechanism, but it will be some incompatibility with the genomes. Many animals can hybridise with similar species.
- 9 months ago
ligers are fake!!!!!!!