How are plants (intentionally) mutated?
Exactly what do people use to mutate them?
- oliviaLv 55 months ago
Mutation induction. To artificially induce hereditary changes in plants, either physical or chemical agents are used. Ionizing radiation is a widely used physical agent to treat the seeds and other plant material of crops to create heritable mutations.
- Elaine MLv 76 months ago
Some times they hybridize them. Most of our apple species were done like that.
Sometimes they take a natural mutation and help it reproduce. Like broccoli
Corn originally was a grass with a few kernels, grown in Central America. Not anything like what it looks like now. Watermelon was mostly white inside with only traces of red.
Here's the watermelon -- https://www.sciencealert.com/fruits-vegetables-bef...
- ZirpLv 76 months ago
Traditionally by interbreeding them (pollen from one kind used to pollinate the other kind).
Recently there's a technique called CRISP-R, enabling us to insert individual alleles into a chromosome
There also is a chemical ( "colchicine"??) that prevents meiosis. It turns diploid plants into polyploid ones. This is why corncobs and tomatoes can be so huge
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- DixonLv 76 months ago
I think they just plant thousands of plants and pick the ones that most tend toward what they want or that have an outright mutation.
- Climate RealistLv 76 months ago
By exposing them to radiation or to mutagenic chemicals.