Anonymous
Anonymous asked in Science & MathematicsBotany · 6 months ago

How are plants (intentionally) mutated?

Exactly what do people use to mutate them?

6 Answers

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  • olivia
    Lv 5
    5 months ago

    Mutation induction. To artificially induce hereditary changes in plants, either physical or chemical agents are used. Ionizing radiation is a widely used physical agent to treat the seeds and other plant material of crops to create heritable mutations.

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  • 6 months ago
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  • 6 months ago

    Some times they hybridize them. Most of our apple species were done like that.

    Sometimes they take a natural mutation and help it reproduce. Like broccoli

    https://www.ponderweasel.com/broccoli-man-made-foo...

    Corn originally was a grass with a few kernels, grown in Central America. Not anything like what it looks like now. Watermelon was mostly white inside with only traces of red.

    https://www.vox.com/2014/10/15/6982053/selective-b...

    Here's the watermelon -- https://www.sciencealert.com/fruits-vegetables-bef...

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  • Zirp
    Lv 7
    6 months ago

    Traditionally by interbreeding them (pollen from one kind used to pollinate the other kind).

    Recently there's a technique called CRISP-R, enabling us to insert individual alleles into a chromosome

    There also is a chemical ( "colchicine"??) that prevents meiosis. It turns diploid plants into polyploid ones. This is why corncobs and tomatoes can be so huge

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  • Dixon
    Lv 7
    6 months ago

    I think they just plant thousands of plants and pick the ones that most tend toward what they want or that have an outright mutation.

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  • 6 months ago

    By exposing them to radiation or to mutagenic chemicals.

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