Vitamin B12, Vitamin D3, Creatine, Carnosine, DHA, Taurine,
However, you can Google how vegans find work-arounds for these:
B12 - plant milks, soy and cereals. D3 - quite difficult but lichens provide it. Creatine is also a difficult one as if you won't eat meat you need supplements and they may include animal products and therefore animal 'abuse'
DHA is hard work because plant sources require extra 'work' to change it into a useable form. Taurine is one that they tend to fudge the issue over because the body produces small amounts of it anyway.
Calcium can be an issue too for these reasons:
"Calcium absorption from milk and other dairy products is about 32%, whereas calcium absorption from vegetables ranges from about 5% in spinach to more than 60% in some brassica vegetables such as broccoli. However, the high bioavailability of calcium from some vegetables cannot overcome their low calcium content"
So if you want to go Vegan then you need to have an active analytical and non-drug-addled brain in order to keep on top of making all the necessary changes and sticking to them. Dump the political extremism over hate of farming, and you just might make it sustainable and get to stay vegan like thousands of others have.
· 1 month ago