Both the vessels of mercy and vessels of destruction are predestined by their Creator since the foundation of the world. Do you agree or not?
The above Scripture (bold type) has served to highlight the fact that God has "prepared" (or predestined) the vessels of mercy and the vessels of destruction.
They have been "double predestined" long before God created this world.
Now, those vessels of mercy and the vessels of destruction are figurative labels used to represent entire NATIONS, because Paul was quoting the Story of the Potter and Clay in Jeremiah 18, when he wrote the Book of Romans chapter 9.
Consequently, we know that God has double predestined every single nation, either to be spared or to be destroyed, as may be the case.
God has double predestined every single nation long before He created this world.
Therefore, no nation can change its position in the Ontology of Salvation or Destruction, which is in accordance with Calvin's idea of Total Depravity and Irresistible Grace.
Thus, the idea of double predestination is clearly stated in v.22-23, which is loud and clear and irrefutable.
But what are your thoughts on this?