You use your BRAIN for something besides a hat rack - and actually PUT the shoes in a place he cannot get them. You put them in a ON TOP of a chest or tall drawers, inside a DRAWER, in a cedar chest, in a lockable closet (and the flip or slide the BOLT) or even put them inside the the clothes hamper or buy....... a plastic storage box for them.
Puppies love things WITH YOUR SCENT on it, so learn to actually puppy proof the home, correctly.
Goldens - who are extremely people oriented (and superior obedience dogs) do better, when they spend more time (not less) inside. This puppy NEEDS to be enrolled in a formal obedience class, so it can learn manners and use it mind. It also need a LOT more daily aerobic exercise - with you. "A TIRED dog is a better behaved dog...because it has NO choice."