Those entities were destroyed by Allah aza wa jal for their sins, such as accepting homosexuality.
As such, they no longer exist, what we have now is what you see, the wars in the middle east are separating the Muslim armies who are fighting to establish sharia law, and those Munafiq puppet governments who invite foreign occupiers to invade their territories.
Just because the people accepted it or it was adopted by areas that are mainly Muslim, it doesn't make it right in Islam, and the result was their destruction. In Islam, sins actually DO have penalty, they weaken faith and they are punished in this life with hardships/difficulties/disasters.
When nation is beyond saving due to their sins, showing no signs of changing, then Allah destroys them. Allah mentions in the Quran that if he did not check people who commit sins without regards or who take sin lightly, then the world would be in evident chaos.