Europe, as a continent, was mostly barbarian nomads with no written history in most regions but a few city states in S. Europe were somewhat civilized, wrote their history and they were, for the most part, at the whim of N. African & Middle East Empires, these empires dominated Greek culture. Greek religion, for example, derived from these regions [Egypt, Babylon, etc]. Later, in Italy, a region historically influences by S. African nations [like Carthage], sprung to become one of, if not the greatest Empire in human history. This empire brought ancient civilization to the rest of Europe, spanning from Spain, all the way to the UK [where the Romans established Londinium, modern day London], as far east as Scythians and down to N. Africa. Europe, forever influences by the middle east, adopted a middle east religion which assisted in the division and ultimate end of the Roman Empire.
After ''Rome burned'' thanks to a civil war rooted in religion, the Empire was divided into 2 and eventually even smaller sections. Europe was then divided into small kingdoms in what we now call the Dark ages, where religion and territorial war ruled along with famine and disease. Few innovations came from Europe at this time, S. African & mid east empires were the advanced territories of the time and occasionally they conquered parts of S. Europe as did some Asian empires [Mongolian]. Not much good to write about Europe at this time, war a dark time dominated by religious intolerance, similar situation to what is happening in the Middle East ever since the Ottoman Empire fell.
After the bible was translated into native tongues by protestants, Catholic dominance of European life dwindles & kings and queens were in a higher position of power, European entered a renaissance period where first study of ancient Greek and Roman culture flourished, then knowledge and science became a dominant figure in Europe in what some now call the enlightenment era. Innovation in shipping allowed several European kingdoms to form Empires around the world in the size of which have never been equaled [outside of Chengis Khan Mongol Empire]. Eventually kings and queens lost their political power to tyrants and/or democratic republics, most European colonies declared independence, some of those colonies surpassed European powers in wealth and military. Former Roman kingdoms began both world wars, and now most of Europe is broke, after WW2 they lost their position and global powers to former scynthia, modern day Russia/USSR, and to the USA, China, etc.