English is primarily a Germanic language thanks to the Anglo Saxon invasion. The Latinate influence comes from the later French speaking Normans.
Common words such as water, bread, house etc are all similar to German, wasser, brot, haus etc. The posher words are from the French, for example perspiration, rather than the Anglo Saxon sweat ( the ea combination is typical).
Another interesting thing is that animal names come from the German, cow, sheep, pig, all tended by the peasants, whilst the names for the meat come from the Norman French elite who could afford to eat it, beef, mutton, pork.
Apple is Germanic, apfel, as is blue, Blau.
My languages are a bit rusty, but I did Latin, French, German and Welsh in my second year at secondary school. It was interesting, but I got a bit confused sometimes!
Italian, of course retains even more from the Latin language, I'm trying to learn it at the moment.