Why did the allies decide to land at Normandy? (D-Day)?
- JohnLv 55 years agoFavourite answer
To outwit the Germans as to exactly where to concentrate their army to repulse the allies.
It worked, General Patton was in charge of the much larger 5th Army, and was going to land across the Pas de Calais, as soon as the Germans had moved all their troops down to Normandy.
Hitler ordered that Calais be defended, and held on for two weeks in the belief that Patton's army was going to invade, it was all a bluff, there was no 5th Army, the ruse worked.
An excellent read is a book called, 'The man who never was' by Lt. Cmdr. Ewen Montagu.
It is one of those books that is very easy to read, and very satisfying and leaves a tear in the eye at the end, (it is also a film in Black and white) but the story is just a very minor event, with only the slightest bearing on the D-Day landings, but was typical of a much larger picture, namely fooling the Germans as to where the Allies would land.
- Tim DLv 75 years ago
Do you mean why did they pick those sites?
Because they had experience of landing at a harbour (Dieppe) and discovered that, although it was a convenient location for landing the supplies an army would need, it was also an obvious area to land, so the ports were the best defended. To get round that problem the British developed and built floating, mobile harbours (the Mulberry) which could be brought into position and mounted on the seabed.
In order to land the thousands of troops required in (relative) safety the Allies needed to land across a broad front, consolidate the beachhead and deliver more troops and equipment immediately to ensure they were not driven back. The largely flat beaches of Normandy were ideal, by using deception plans (Operation Fortitude) and a broad front the beaches were not as strongly defended as they might be, and are almost directly south of several English ports that meant any build up of troops and ships could still mean an attack at any point along the Atlantic Wall.
- JonathanLv 75 years ago
France has a long, long coastline, from the Pas de Calais by the Belgian border across Normandy and out to Brittany, then down the Bay of Biscay to Gascony and the border with Spain. The Pas de Calais was the shortest hop across the English Channel and the closest to Germany, so that was the obvious place to invade, but of course that's what the Germans expected and they defended if most heavily. If they went to the other extreme, out in the Bay of Biscay, defenses probably would have been lighter, but then you would have to fight your way all the way across France and give the Germans lots of time to respond and organize a defense, plus sailing all the way around meant more chance of being detected and slower resupply by sea. Normandy was a good compromise - not as obvious to attack as Calais, but not so remote as, say, Bordeaux.
- capitalgentlemanLv 75 years ago
The short way was to land at Calais, and, the Allies created the 5th Army (under Patton) to support that, with fake radio traffic, and so on to fool the Germans. Landing at Normandy instead was to fool the Germans, and, it worked.
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- Nandan_MallickLv 65 years ago
to capture and rule the whole world.