I'm new to politics and I'm so confused right now?
Are authoritarianism, conservatism and capitalism all the same thing? The impression I got was that authoritarianism was a more extreme version of conservatism, and that capitalism was a completely different thing, but then I read something and now I'm not sure. Also, are authoritarianism and fascism two different things? And what is the difference between liberal and libertarian? Do the two get along?
Please can someone explain all of this to me in the most simplified way you possibly can, No huge blocks of text. As you can probably tell I'm not an expert on the subject haha
- Anonymous6 years agoFavorite Answer
Authoritarian = Someone who believes that the government should have lots of power and AUTHORITY over people, it should regulate and inspect what people do, and probably receive lots of funding for that. It can be both mild and extreme.
Fascism is the political ideology that Mussolini had in Italy during the 1930's, and it is extreme authoritarian, because he controlled what people do a lot.
Capitalism = An economic system where essentially citizens are allowed to own private property and industry, such as owning a factory. Capitalist "philosophy" is when people run factories and hire workers with the only purpose of making a profit, rather than, for example, making goods for giving out to the poor. But it is possible to live in a capitalist economy and not live by capitalist philosophy, i.e. like charities do.
Conservatism = A social system which is hard to describe. . Conservatism essentially comes from the world "conserve" which means say "no" to any new change you disagree with, however the conservative party often suggest new ideas of their own.
You'd like to think that the Republican party is 100% conservative but this is not always so. In most cases in history, the conservatives stood for capitalism, used to stand for authoritarianism but now often stand for libertarianism (I'll explain it later). In terms of social policies, in the past they used to be very Christian and emphasising morals, e.g. banning alcohol in the 20's, adopting the Hay's Code in the Cinema which dictated what dirty things cinemas can show, acting according to moral law from the Bible.
Liberal = The opposite of a conservative in a sense, who want some kind of change. Currently, it's the Democratic party that pushes for change, so they are the liberals, but when the Republicans were pushing for new policies in the 1920's, you could say they were the liberals back then, and the Democrats who opposed them were conservative.
Today, liberals push for legalising marijuana, creating marriages for homosexuals, national healthcare, etc... these are all new ideas for America hence why they are liberal.
Libertarian = The opposite of an authoritarian, not related to liberals. They believe in less government control in people's lives, less funding and authority for the government. For example, less business inspections.
Sorry if I went a bit long, these are hard to explain simply because many people may disagree with me :)
- MYRTELLv 76 years ago
Differences may be subtle or vastly clear. Authoritarianism emanates from military control - despotism -
the people at the top rule with unquestioning obedience from those being ruled.
Conservatism is to aspire for the preservation of what is thought to be the best in established society.
Nowadays it shown as control of change as a slow process..... many think it is intended to fight or control or wipe out socialism .... but this can not be true because we have 3 Conservative partys now and no Socialist party.
Capitalism is the system applied for the production of commodities under private ownership and free market enterprise. You can go way back into history for varying forms and meanings which would take hours to explain. Because as the world evolves and especially computerized economy's so does the meaning of capitalism because the banking system can dominate and cartels, corporate enterprise dominates.
Fascism is a right wing ideology with a totalitarian structure opposed to democracy. the name comes from Roman times FASCES - a bundle of rods bound together to denote unity with an axe -head denoting leadership. Fascism is a form of Authoritarianism both deny its people democracy.
Libertarianism seeks to be free of state, government control tending to favour the individual with no interference from government, certain laws etc.
They all seem to cross or merge into each other.
In UK we have the Rule of Law and the Judges/courts to keep us safe from the Tory - Conservative take over. But they still change the law to keep the judges down.
people like Eric Pickles and IDS would run ragged over all of us if they could.
- MarkLv 76 years ago
No, those three things are not the same.
Authoritarianism is a belief in and trust in the authority of government to make any law it wants to, regardless of whether it's a law that effects an economic interest or a "personal" interest. A minimum wage law is just as acceptable as a law banning "sodomy."
Conservatism is a belief in preserving what government has traditionally done, resisting big, drastic, and comprehensive changes in government's powers. Laws banning "sodomy" are traditional for government to enact, so a conservative has no objection to those laws, and often refuse to repeal them, but minimum wage laws aren't as traditional; conservatives resisted those laws when they were first adopted and they often resist raising the level of the minimum wage.
Capitalism is a belief in the economic freedoms of private businesses, and it has no philosophical agreement or disagreement with any law that effect "personal" issues, like laws banning "sodomy."
- 6 years ago
They are not the same thing, although it is possible and not uncommon for someone to be all three.
Authoritarian is the easiest to define it simply means the extent to which authority/rules will be opposed on people and how stern punishment will be for breaking those rules. I.E the Death penalty is about as authoritarian as you can get.
Conservatism really refers to views on social issues. opposing changes and often wanting to revert back to days gone by.
Capitalism refers to views on the economy. believing in free markets etc.
so Conservatism tends to be about limiting social freedom and Capitalism is about increasing economic freedom. So although in some sense one of those views seems to be about increasing freedom and one liniting its perfectly possible for someone to think people should have limited freedom but business total freedom.
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- 6 years ago
The terms authoritarianism, conservatism and capitalism have no consistent definitions and are often used in ways deliberately intended to confuse people. If you want to understand politics I suggest you keep in mind that actions speak louder than words and if you want the truth follow the money all the way up to the top.
- OnlookerLv 76 years ago
Conservatism tends to be more authoritarian because the main idea behind conservativism is traditional values. To enforce traditional values, conservatives typically want a somewhat authoritarian government that restricts the rights of gays, women, Muslims, and other minorities, and enforces the power of the church. Conservatives also tend to believe in using punishment (the police and courts) to address social problems rather than entitlements (government programs to prevent people from being driven to crime). Conservativism at its most extreme can give rise to authoritarian (such as fascist or Nazi) governments because at its most extreme it rejects free expression. Capitalism can exist in any society. In fascist Italy and Nazi Germany, capitalism thrived. Capitalism thrives in democratic Socialist countries like France and Germany.
- Anonymous6 years ago
This sounds like Chex-Mix politics to me!
- Anonymous6 years ago
I was the same, but then I read Adolf Hitler's My Struggle, volume two, and now I understand everything.
- Alfred E NewmanLv 66 years ago
a liberterian wants less government intervention in their lives , a liberal wants the gov to tell them what time to get up in the morning and what time to go to bed at night
- The TaxpayerLv 76 years ago
None of those are related at all.