What are 5-10 facts about the HMS Dreadnought?
this is for my history homework! all i know at the moment is that it is something to do with the war!
thanks for any answers! :-)
- Prof ScottLv 68 years agoFavourite answer
The "Dreadnought" was the first "all-big-gun" heavily armored modern battleship. The name quickly came to be applied to all similar battleships. In general, dreadnough-class vessels (whether British or from other countries) displaced over 10,000 tons (small compared to WWII-era carriers and battleships but very large compared to traditional warships from around 1900).
What made "Dreadnought" (and other similar ships modeled after it) particularly innovative was that they possessed such powerful furnace engines that they could be relatively swift while still being large, heavily armored (steel plating), and carrying multiple heavy guns. No other ships at the time had as thick armor or as big guns.
Dreadnought-class warships soon came to share common armament features. They almost always had rotating turrets with at least four guns of 12-inch or higher caliber in the bow, with at least two other turret guns of 10-inch or higher caliber aft. Guns of 10-inch caliber or better were sufficient to blast through the armor of most warships of the period. The rotating turrets meant that a dreadnought could bring to bear no fewer than six big guns when firing to port or starboard.
Legend has it that the name "Dreadnought" was invented by British Lord of the Admiralty Jackie Fisher inspired by an Old Testament Bible verse from Leviticus: "Fear the LORD and dread nought." After that story got spread around, Fisher took to referring to Dreadnought and the subsequent similar British warships as his "Leviticus" ships.
Dreadnought-class warships were significant in history because they sparked a naval "arms race" between Britain and Germany (though Japan and the USA also lustily built large numbers of these kind of new ships too). Since a dreadnought basically could destroy any older style warship and was itself largely invulnerable to old-fashioned ships with smaller guns, each country raced to build as many of the new-style dreadnoughts as possible. This was a particular threat to Britain, which had long possessed a huge, dominant navy but filled out mostly with smaller, old-fashioned ships. Some historians have attributed this naval arms race as a contributing factor to bringing out WWI.
Few dreadnought-class warships saw much combat. The one major battle they participated in was the 1916 Battle of Jutland, in which Germany's smaller-but-more-modern High Seas fleet tried to break the British Royal Navy's blockade of the North Sea. Germany's dreadnoughts inflicted greater losses on the bigger-but-older Royal Navy, but in the end they were unable to match British numbers and returned to port in Germany's coast for the rest of the war.
- ThistleLv 58 years ago
1: First commissioned 'all-big gun' battleship.
2: Instantly made all other battleships obsolete.
3: Effectively leveled the naval playing field for all major powers.
4: By leveling that naval playing field, started a naval arms race.
5: Caused all battleships to be built after her to be classified as 'dreadnoughts' and all those before as 'pre-dreadnoughts'.
6: The only battleship to ever sink a submarine. (she rammed it)
7: Missed Jutland, the only full fleet engagement of the war.
8: Target of the 'Dreadnought Hoax'.
9: Name given to Britain's first operational nuclear submarine.