This is not as simple as you phrase it. You "know" Blacks are brutalized? How is it you know this? Are you aware that the primary victims of Black crimes are Black people (see homicide statistics below)? It seems apparent that the lack of education, lack of cultural appreciation for education, and lack of parental expectations perpetuate the problem of black crime; even though racial profiling is a prominent argument for this situation. Education plays a major role in employability that can counteract pursuit of criminal activities. The national average for completion of high school by White students is about 75%, and the average for Black students is about 50% (Swanson, 2004). Lack of employment stems from poor education, which results in criminal behavior needed to supply income.
Crime statistics are a relevant consideration in the arena of bias and reality, with about one in three Black males being convicted felons, as opposed to about one in 17 White males (statistics cited below). Racism must be considered; however, there is statistical support for the argument that Blacks are more likely to commit crimes. And, other variables are being taken into consideration during the decision-making process regarding prosecution and sentencing; these include prior convictions, employment history, and education level. These considerations contribute to the determination of whether or not the individual will be a contributing member of society or will return to criminal behavior if not prosecuted and incarcerated.
The world of black music provides examples of the Black community’s failure to provide witness information that could reduce crime. Jam Master Jay, Biggie Smalls, and Tupak Shakur were murdered by unidentified perpetrators, and in all of these cases witnesses have been uncooperative. Likewise, rapper Busta Rhymes refused to cooperate after witnessing the murder of his bodyguard, as did 50 other witnesses (Hampson, 2006). Hampson also reported on the nation-wide “Stop Snitching” movement in the Black community.
Based on then current incarceration rates, about 32% of Black males will be imprisoned during their lifetime, along with 5.9% of White males (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2007). In 2005, one victim and one offender homicides were mostly intraracial, about 93% for Black victims (with 49% of all homicide victims being Black) and 85% for white victims (Harrell, 2007). Black offenders accounted for more than 50% of the offenders arrested for murder and non-negligent manslaughter (U.S. Department of Justice, 2009). Hickey (2006) reported on an extensive study that indicated that out of the 249 serial killers studied, 72% were White, 23% were Black, 3% were Hispanic, 1% were Asian, and 1% were “other.” The 2000 census indicated that 77.1% of the U.S. population was White (Census, 2001a), and 12.9% was Black (Census, 2001b).
Since more than 20% of the serial killers have been Black, there is an over-representation of Black serial killers. Hickey reported that, between 1995 and 2004, about 44% of identified serial killers were Black. Safarik, Jarvis, and Nussbaum (2006) studied elderly female sexual homicide and their research population of offenders was found to be 44% White and 42% Black. Hickey (2006) also reported that serial killing has been generally intraracial; however, serial killers do kill people of other races. Safarik et. al (2006) determined that, in their elderly female sexual homicide research, "Blacks offend interracially 77% of the time … and Whites only 4%" (p. 113).
"Having a chip on one's shoulder" (being defensive due to something that has happened in the past) has been empirically supported. Research on prejudice indicated that those who have been the subject of prejudice, or perceive so, were more aggressive, sadder, more anxious, and more egotistical than those not perceiving such prejudice (Dion & Earn, 1981). Once a person has been discriminated against, it is more likely that the person will be hypersensitive to perceived discrimination, possibly seeing it where it does not exist. And, their perceptions of prejudice interfere with their accepting the culture of the majority group.
Presumably, the expectations of police officers as to the increased probability of Black people being engaged in illegal activities (as supported by available statistics) affects how they deal with Black people, hence the “driving while Black” scenario. Unfortunately, this fuels the negative responses of the Black community, perpetuating a negative spiral; presumably contributing to the arrest statistics. The reference list is available upon request.
Retired fed spec agent, crim justice adj professor, TX peace officer (inactive) & investigative hypnosis certification, TX licensed PI, formerly USMC Military Police officer & enlisted