When 1.335g of a chloride of aluminium is added to excess silver nitrate solution 4.305g of silver chloride is?
(continued) Produced. Calculate the empirical formula of the chloride of aluminium.
Please explain workings!
- Steve OLv 71 decade agoFavourite answer
use molar masses to find mass of Cl
4.305g of AgCl @ (35.45 g/mol Cl) / (143.3 g/mol AgCl) = 1.065 g Cl
1.335g of a chloride of aluminium - 1.065 g Cl = 0.270 g Al
kuse molar masses tofind moles:
0.270 g Al @ 27 g/mol Al = 0.010 mol Al
1.065 g Cl @ 3..45 g/mol Cl = 0.030 mol Cl
your answer is
- vadaptreLv 51 decade ago
if we're allowed to assume formula for silver choride=AgCl..then 4.305g AgCl=0.03moles (nearly)..in chem rxn eqns whole numbers of moles interact..or simple ratios thereof..this implies 3moles of AgCl..ie 3 Ag atoms requd to balance equn..if we also assume silver nitrate=AgNO3
..then X mols of Aluminium Chloride react with 3 mols AgCl..we have 3 nitrate (NO3) species to allocate ..and formula for Al nitrate=Al(NO3)3
..therefore..(I can now see why I gave up Chem in 5th yr!)..balanced equn is
AlCl3+3AgNO3>3AgCl+Al(NO3)3..emp form= AlCl3Source(s): madeitup using ratio/proportion and looking up atomic masses like a bl**dy eejit!