What was the Sankey Commission 1919 and what did they suggest?
- QuoiLv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
The Russian Revolution in 1917 started a wave of Communism feeling in working classes all along Europe. There were revolutions in Germany, Austria and Hungary, and in many countries the growth of mass Communist Parties. Britain in 1919 was part of this rising revolutionary wave.
In 1919, the miners put forward demands for a 30 percent wage increase, a reduction of working hours from eight to six per day, and nationalisation of the industry with joint control by owners and miners. The government had a bottomless appetite for coal to keep industry going; the threat of a miners' strike was national; two respected left wing union leaders-- Robert Smillie, president of the Miners' Federation of Great Britain, and Frank Hodges, its secretary-- were leading the agitation.
The miners were angry that the mines were privatised, with rich people who really did not care about miners, tending the mines, leading to a ridiculously high death rate where the focus was not safety, but money
You have to note the threat of a strike in the atmosphere. Already, various army units had mutinied and the police were angry. The Goverment really couldn't rely on them. If the miners started a strike, that would easily start a strike among other workers too, like railway men and transport workers who had banded together with miner's union in a Triple Alliance. This could have easily sparked a Communist revolution in Britain.
The Lloyd goverment promised a commision, the Sankey commision.
And so, on 3 March 1919, under the chairmanship of Sir John Sankey, the Commission thus set up began its deliberations. The Commission had to act with great dispatch since the miners were in no mood to be fobbed off with dilatory tactics.
The Commission issued its Report in two parts. In the first part, made public just 17 days after the Commission had been set up, it conceded the miners' demands for higher wages and a seven-hour day, and dangled the prospect of a six-hour day in the not too distant future. As to the question of the ownership of the miners, the Commission said nothing for the time being. The Miners' Federation accepted the concession, called off the proposed coal strike, and agreed to wait for the second part of the Report. In the latter, the Commission expressed itself, by a bare majority, in favour of the nationalisation of the mines, but the Government never accepted this part of the Report.
By the time the second part had been released, the momentum in the workers had died down, resulting in a Communist revolution looking unlikely. The Goverment agreed to the first part of the commission and tricked the miners so that the mines and their death rates were the same as before the strike.Source(s): http://www.lalkar.org/issues/contents/may2006/gene... http://pubs.socialistreviewindex.org.uk/sr226/rose...
- ammianusLv 71 decade ago
The Sankey Commission was a Royal Commission set up in Britain in 1919 to investigate the structiure, wages, working conditions and profitability of the coal mining industry. It recommended nationalisation (state ownership) of the industry. This however was rejected by the then Prime Minister, Lloyd George.
- haygoodLv 43 years ago
Charles Russell the 1st president of the cult took his 1914 prophesy from Daniel 4:9-32. each and each prophecy in Daniel 4:9-32 had in basic terms one fulfilment yet Russel claims it would desire to have 2 fulfilments. Daniel 2: an great photograph representing kingdoms Daniel 4: Seven situations representing Nebuchadnezzar Daniel 5: Writing on the wall foretelling Babylon's prompt destruction Daniel 7: 4 beasts being 4 international powers Daniel 9: Seventy weeks foreshadowing Christ's arrival Daniel 11: Kings of the North and South Daniel prophesies that Nebuchadnezzar could act as a beast for 7 years. there isn't something some 2d fulfilment and it takes an significant mind's eye to infer that it ability 1914. Is there something to end that there would desire to be a 2d fulfilment? there's no connection with a 2d fulfilment, no connection with Gentile situations, no connection with the final Days and no connection with the Israelites. inspite of this, the prophecy of the seven situations is the lynch pin of the cults theory shape and the only scripture it incredibly is used to point that Jesus began ruling incredibly in the 300 and sixty 5 days 1914. the present cult understanding is this prophecy shows the tip of God's rulership for the duration of the Jews in 607 B.C. the subsequent 2,520 years have been the Gentile situations of the countries, till God re-universal his Kingdom in heaven in 1914. The cults interpretation is going as follows; The scaling down of the tree represents the destruction of the dominion of Judah via Nebuchadnezzar in 607 B.C. The "seven situations" characterize 2,520 years, 7 lunar years of 360 days each and each. the thought of "an afternoon for a 300 and sixty 5 days" converts 2520 days to 2520 years. The 2520 years of the Gentile situations resulted in 1914, coinciding with the initiating of Jesus heavenly rulership. whether Daniel 4 become to have a secondary fulfilment each and each element is in keeping with misconceptions. Jerusalem fell between 586 and 587 B.C., that's stated in in basic terms approximately all encyclopaedias and supported via an significant quantity of historic advice. to reach at 1914 the cult claims this discern is incorrect and that Jerusalem become destroyed in 607 B.C. that's extraordinarily important; if the Gentile situations did not lead to 1914 then the Watchtower Society become not chosen via Jesus in 1919. God Bless! desert Rose is a lunitic! No Christian teaches that babies who die in a flood bypass to Hell. extra extra no Christian teaches that Jesus is torturing babies in Hell. Your confusion would lay in the reality the JW cult thinks Hell ability grave.