How was East Asia and the Middle East affected by World War 1?
I need help for my homework and don't know how East Asia and the Middle East were affected by the Great War
- Bill WLv 51 decade agoFavorite Answer
East Asia: Japan was given the territories of Germany to administer, most importantly the Shandong peninsula in China. They were also given the right of extraterritoriality in China, which means that Japanese could not be arrested and tried in Chinese courts, which 1) made them equal to Europeans who also had the right, and 2) let them act in a high-handed way toward the Chinese, because Japanese courts would rule in their favor.
This lead almost directly to the May 4th Movement in China, which was a popular protest against the Treaty of Versailles (the treaty that ended WW1), and turned the modernist movement in China from an intellectual exercise into a popular movement. It would indirectly lead to the establishment of the Chinese Communist Party.
Middle East: Britain and France would divide the area of the Ottoman Empire into more than a half dozen new countries: Syria, Jordan, Iraq, Lebannon, Saudi Arabia, and many of the smaller nations. Many of these countries were created by people who had little experience in the area, who were looking to benefit the European powers and pay off the local leaders who helped them. For instance, the British had promised the rulership of Saudi Arabia to two leaders of the Hashemite clan, one of whom got what was promised, and the other was made the King of Jordan.
More interestingly, one of the territories created was the British Mandate of Palestine, which was intended to be a place of refuge for Jews, a new homeland. This would become the basis of Israeli, and their legal claims to the area.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
Much of the Middle East was once part of the Ottoman Empire. The empire broke up after the war, and France and Britain became the new colonial powers.
Basically the borders for present-day countries were drawn at this time, with the exception of Israel, which was earlier called Palestine.
As for East Asia, the effects of the war were less direct. Japan had fought with the Allies during WW1, and they took over some of the German colonies in the Pacific, but basically the Japanese felt short-changed by the Treaty of Versailles. They nearly came to blows with the Americans in the 1920s, and this resentment about WW1 was a factor in why the military were able to take power after the war. This of course led them to WW2.
- helanderLv 43 years ago
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