what was discussed at the yalta conference about poland?
i know that Stalin wanted to expand his borders to eastern poland but i'm not too sure on what exactly was agreed.
- 1 decade agoFavorite Answer
If you asked a Polish about Yalta coference he would probably told you that Poland was sold there to Stalin by Roosvelt and Churchill. Poland was attacked in 1939 not only by Germans but also by USSR ( september the 17th). Before war it was an independent country with a free market economy, freedom of speach and general election. Many american, british, french,swedish concers had their factories or branches in prewar Poland and sold their products there. It was relatively poor country (compared to Western Europe countries, not to Africa or Asia of cours) but its economy had good prospects for fast growth. To prewar Polish people communism was something strange and dangerous what was somewhere behind the eastern border of the country. Poles thought about themselves as a nation which belonged to the western civilisation. Despite the fact that Poland was always on the right side of the WWII together with UK, France, USA it end that war as a losser not as winner. At the Yalta conference superpowers leaders decided that Poland and other countries of that part of Europe became satelite states of the USSR. While France, the Netherlands and even West Germany rebuilt their ecconomies in the same way like in prewar era, in Poland (where 6 million ppl lost their lives in WWII) new, communist authorites eliminated democratic, pro western opposition usually by killing the people who were heroes fighting with nazis during the war. Hundreds of thousands Poles had to escape to the west. The Communist puppet government liquidated general election and freedom of speach. Private property was taken from its proper owners, factories, shops etc. were nationalised. There were just one party which had the right to rule the country - the communist party.Those who didn't agree with the Party were treated like enemies of the nation.
As a result of the conference in Yalta where Churchill and Roosvelt got scared of Stallin, Poland and other countries were taken back in the civilisation developtment about 20 or more years in comparison to western Europe and issolated from the world they always identified with. From polish point of view Amrericans and British trusting Stalin were completly naive.
Poland could start to change into democratic state after overthrowing of the communism in the 1989. If it wasn't in the Eastern Bloc it would be probably on the similar level of developtment as Italy or Spain today. Polish people even the youngest generation know about it. Even today an average Pole can feel results of the Yalta conference when he looks at his salary and compares it with a salary of average German, French, Brit etc. what is also the main reason of the immigration of Polish people to the west of EU (average polish salary is about 3-4 times lower). Poles who have usually much more knowledge about history than Western Europeans have a feeling that what happened many years ago was extremly unfair to them. Sometimes they can be abrupt or even malicious in contacts with western Europeans or Americans. They are very sensitive about superiority complex of western people because they see it just as an effect of living on the right side of the iron curtain. For them generations of their parents or grandparents had right to live in an independent, democratic state as well as French, Italians, Brits etc. especialy that Poland wasn't the ally of Nazi Germany like Austria, Italy or few other states. The word "Yalta" in Poland means and probably will always mean "betrayal".Source(s): interests in Central and Eastern Europe history
- Anonymous1 decade ago
Following on the heels of the Tehran Conference, this meeting resolved a number of outstanding issues between the powers. A rift in the relationship between the two Western powers and their communist ally had already begun to develop as Stalin wanted Eastern Europe as a buffer zone, while Roosevelt believed he could help secure peace through Soviet participation in the United Nations. In the end, they compromised, allowing the Eastern bloc to fall under Soviet influence, and later Soviet dominion. In return, the Soviets did join the U. N., but as part of the compromise, several of their republics were granted nation status and they received a permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council. The results for Eastern Europe were disastrous as they were held hostage for half a century. The term "Western betrayal" was coined in several of these countries to describe the failure of the Western powers to live up to its claims to promote freedom and democracy throughout the world.
The subject of Poland immediately arose. Stalin was quick to state his case as follows:
"For the Russian people, the question of Poland is not only a question of honor but also a question of security. Throughout history, Poland has been the corridor through which the enemy has passed into Russia. Poland is a question of life and death for Russia."
Accordingly, Stalin made it clear that some of his demands regarding Poland were not negotiable—the Russians were to keep territory from the eastern portion of Poland and Poland was to compensate for that by extending its Western borders, thereby forcing out millions of Germans. Stalin promised free elections in Poland, notwithstanding the recently installed Communist puppet government. However, it soon became apparent that Stalin had no intentions of keeping his promise of free elections. The elections, which were held in January 1947, resulted in the official transformation of Poland into a socialist state by 1949, though they were widely considered rigged in favor of communist parties.
- lordreithLv 71 decade ago
The Yalta Conference confirmed the possession of eastern Poland by the USSR, declaring that by way of compensation, “Poland must receive substantial accessions of territory in the north and west,” that is, at the expense of Germany.
- 1 decade ago
Hitler and Stalin agreed on spheres of influence. Stalin was able to secure sections of Eastern Poland, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia as well as portions of Finland that were strategic to the defense of Petersburg.