The word 'scampi' is Italian (plural) and the singular is 'scampo'. It is the Italian name for the Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus), also known as the Dublin Bay prawn (especially in Ireland and the UK) and in France, langoustine.
The name is used loosely both in Italy and elsewhere to describe a dish made from scampi.
In the USA, "scampi" is often the menu name for shrimp in Italian-American cuisine. The term "Scampi", by itself, is also the name of a dish of shrimp served in garlic butter and dry white wine, served either with bread, or over pasta.
The word "scampi" is often construed as that style of preparation rather than an ingredient, with traditional scampi being described as "shrimp scampi", and variants such as "chicken scampi" also existing.
· 10 years ago