Difference between Blues and Jazz music?

Just wondering what the difference between Blues and Jazz music is and where they both originated from? And any influential artists of both genres?

Thanks :)

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  • 1 decade ago
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    They are both African American in origin... They originated in the south and came up North through Memphis and St. Louis.

    Blues originated in slavery as expression of the slave in the same sort of way that Gospel originated in Slavery.

    The roots of Jazz are in Blues... early Jazz is very much the same as Classical Blues. Classical Blues being the period between 1870 and 1939.

    Jazz began to elvolve as a seperate style in the 30's and 40's creating Swing. This happened through a change in tempo, and the main chords used in the swing era. It also saw the introduction of Big Bands and Brass and Wind instruments in contemporary Jazz.

    As this form of Jass became more popular classical blues became less popular and would never relive its glory days.

    In the 50's and 60's, a younger group of musicians, bored with the now cliched styles and melodies of the Swing era, began to create new songs and styles. These songs became known as Bebop and had incredibly fast tempos and complex chords and rhythms. During this period there was an increase in instrumental improvisation.

    Today blues is more popular with many artists choosing to move away from Jazz in the 70s and taking inspiration in the old blues but putting their own interpretation on it.

    Classical Blues mainly had 7th chords and minor and diminuitive triads, whilst Jazz has may chords from the triad to a chord consisting of the 1st, 7th, 8th and 12th.

    Blues and Jazz piano are probably the best examples of the differences.

    Influential Artists of the Blues Period.

    Ma Rainey

    Mamie Smith ( the first Black woman to record a song)

    Louis Armstrong

    Duke Ellington

    Jelly Roll Mortons Red Hot Peppers

    The Jazz Hounds

    Ida Cox

    Frankie Trumbauer

    Blind Lemon Jefferson

    Contemporary Blues:

    Sonny Boy Williams

    Muddy Waters

    B B King

    Buddy Guy

    Rosemary Rainey

    The Swing era:

    Ella Fitzgerald (Also Bebop)

    Chick Webb

    Jimmie Lunceford

    Frank Sinatra

    Tommy Dorsey

    Duke Ellington and his Orchestra

    Fats Waller

    Mary Lou Williams

    Benny Goodman

    Dinah Washington

    Sarah Vaughan (Also Bebop)

    Bebop

    Art Tatum

    Duke Ellington (A major influencer)

    Miles Davis

    Billie Holiday

    Ella Fitzgerald

    Sarah Vaughan

    Dizzy Gillespie

    Charlie Parker

    + may others.

    10 points Please

    Source(s): The History of Jazz CD (Platinum Music)
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  • Linda
    Lv 4
    4 years ago

    Scaruffi writes that jazz was always primarily an instrumental style, while blues was first and foremost vocal. Scaruffi notes that the main musical difference between jazz and blues is that jazz contains heavy syncopation, which was derived from ragtime music. Bill Dahl writes that blues music is technically defined by a I-IV-V chord sequence with a 12-bar motif. Herman adds that vocally, the blues is characterized by three-line rhymed stanzas with repeating verses. Flattening the third, fifth and seventh notes of the melody makes for a blues sound, Herman writes. With their distinct origins and geographies, the two musical styles developed their own stars. Scaruffi reports that the first jazz album was recorded by Edward "Kid" Ory and his Creole Orchestra. Early stars included Louis Armstrong, Jimmie Noone and George Lewis. In the 1950s and 1960s, legends like Miles Davis and John Coltrane became household names. The blues, in turn, boasted players such as Robert Johnson, who was known as "the King of Delta Blues," and Blind Lemon Jefferson. The Memphis band conductor W.C. Handy, and electric blues stars B.B. King and Howlin' Wolf, retain a vast influence over contemporary blues artists.

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  • 1 decade ago

    The only reason people will tell you Jazz is derived from blues is because they dreamed it. Jazz is complex series of chord shapes and variations for VERY TALENTED musicans to improvise over. Improvisation is the only thing that is shared by the blues style. You will NEVER hear B.B. King do a chromatic scale. Hell, I doubt he knows how, or cares. And to hear a Jazz guitarist try to bend a note is mostly a joke. They just don't get it. These styles are as different as the musicans that play the music. Both genre purist's would consider it an insult to call them even remotely the same. P.S. I like the blues best, but do enjoy all kinds of music. Progressive jazz, like Al De Meola, will open up all kinds of new horizions. Joe Pass is another genius.

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  • 1 decade ago

    Blues has more of a set pattern to follow and repeats that basic pattern, typically a I/IV/V pattern that repeats every 12 bars.

    Blues usually sticks with the very ambiguous 7th chords, which are very easy to improvise over with simple scale patterns

    Jazz doesn't use as many repeating patterns, and switches up alot more.

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  • 1 decade ago

    Born in the South, the blues is an African American-derived music form that recognized the pain of lost love and injustice and gave expression to the victory of outlasting a broken heart and facing down adversity. The blues evolved from hymns, work songs, and field hollers — music used to accompany spiritual, work and social functions. Blues is the foundation of jazz as well as the prime source of rhythm and blues, rock 'n' roll, and country music. The blues is still evolving and is still widely played today.

    azz is an American musical art form which originated around the beginning of the 20th century in African American communities in the Southern United States from a confluence of African and European music traditions. The style's West African pedigree is evident in its use of blue notes, call-and-response, improvisation, polyrhythms, syncopation, and the swung note of ragtime.

    From its early development until the present, jazz has also incorporated music from 19th and 20th century American popular music, which is based on European music traditions. The word jazz began as a West Coast slang term of uncertain derivation and was first used to refer to music in Chicago in about 1915; for the origin and history, see Jazz .

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  • 1 decade ago

    Nayan P..that was a really good answer.

    As he pretty much said all music comes from the blues. Some don't relize it but without the blues we wouldn't have had Elvis, Clapton, Zepplen and much more great music.

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    Good ansa Nayan P but keep it simple. Blues has got soul, it feels the pain, it's played by real people not poser musicians. A lot of Jazz is just crap played by posers trying to sound clever.

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    Da blues is da blues.

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