Definition of Fantasy: In literature, fantasy is a form of speculative fiction in which physical laws differ from our own through a reason for which no scientific explanation is offered, or which take place a world wholly different from our own.
Loosely, Fantasy encompasses:
•High Fantasy: wholly created new worlds like The Blue Sword, The Tale of Despereaux and Wren to the Rescue
•Imaginary Tales: Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, The Borrowers, The Golden Compass
•Modern stories of talking beasts, personified toys and other inanimate objects: Redwall, Hitty: Her First Hundred Years, Catwings
•Humorous fantasy: Mary Poppins and Dr. Seuss.
•More specifically, fantasy literature encompasses many kinds of works: legends, ballads, romances, myths, literary fairy tales, magic realism, animal fantasies, time-slip fantasies, and science fiction.
•In fantasy novels, social hierarchies, taboos, supernatural creatures, magic, high moral standards, quests, and villains operate in a world in which chaos is ultimately dispelled and virtue rewarded. More simply, good triumphs over evil after a quest and or a struggle.
•Fantasy shares characteristics with other genres:
•Domestic fantasies are family stories,
•Harry Potter is closely aligned with traditional school stories,
•The Hobbit is a quest narrative.
•And while these stories contain magic, the magic usually doesn’t solve the problem.