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This article is about the foodstuff. For other uses, see Sandwich (disambiguation). For the term sandwich in mathematics see the sandwich theorem or the ham sandwich theorem.
An Italian sandwichA sandwich is a food item typically consisting of two pieces of bread between which are laid one or more layers of meat, vegetable, cheese or other fillings, together with optional or traditionally provided condiments, sauces, and other accompaniments. The bread is used as is, lightly buttered, or covered in a flavoured oil to enhance flavour and texture.
Sandwiches are commonly carried to work or school in lunchboxes or brown paper bags (in sandwich bags) to be eaten as the midday meal, taken on picnics, hiking trips, or other outings. They are also served in many restaurants as entrées, and are sometimes eaten at home, either as a quick meal or as part of a larger meal. As part of a full meal sandwiches are traditionally accompanied with such side dishes as a serving of soup (soup-and-sandwich), a salad (salad-and-sandwich), or potato chips and a pickle or coleslaw.
3.1 Sandwich styles
4 External links
The term "sandwich" has been expanded—especially in the United States—to include items made with other types of bread, such as rolls and focaccia. Thus hamburgers and "subs", for example, are called "sandwiches" on the East Coast of the United States, but not in the Midwest, South or western states, or in most other English-speaking countries (since such "sandwiches" are not made with slices of bread from a loaf).
The nearest traditional Scandinavian equivalent is generally known elsewhere as an "open" or "open-face" sandwich, i.e. a single slice of bread with meat, fish, cheese, etc. as a topping, although the sandwich with two slices of bread has become more commonplace in recent times. This open-face variation is also prevalent in Russia, where it is known as a buterbrod (бутерброд, from the German word for "buttered bread"). In Norway, there is also an ice-cream called Sandwich, consisting of two square cookies with vanilla ice-cream in the middle.
In the UK, particularly in the north of England they are known, informally, as 'butties' or 'sarnies'. This is particularly the case with sandwiches including freshly-cooked bacon and butter, though other forms of 'butty' use other ingredients and mayonnaise. A sandwich filled with chips (US: french fries) is known as a 'chip butty'. In Britain roughly 1.8 billion sandwiches are purchased outside the home every year. In French countries one might see this referred to as un Belge: a Belgian (sandwich). In Scotland, sandwiches are called 'pieces'. One Australian slang term for sandwich is 'sanger' (or 'sanga'). In South Africa sandwiches are sometimes called 'sarmies'.
In the U.S., some children, and a few adults, pronounce the word sandwich as sammich, either out of difficulty pronouncing the word, or as a form of baby talk or stereotyped child's speech. Blue Collar member Larry The Cable Guy uses the pronunciation sammich in one of his bits in Blue Collar Comedy Tour: The Movie, as did Richard Pryor in a recorded routine ("God/Grandmother"). Comic strip character Dennis the Menace and his friends used the variant samwich, while comedian Dane Cook, as part of one of his routines, uses the pronunciation sangwich, most likely for gag value.
The sandwich was named after John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, an 18th-century English aristocrat, although it is unlikely to have been invented by him. Indeed a form of sandwich is attributed to the ancient Jewish sage Hillel the Elder, who is said to have put meat from the Paschal lamb and bitter herbs inside matzo (or flat bread) during Passover. However, crediting any single person with the invention of the sandwich is arguably similar to crediting someone with the invention of the wheel since they are both highly likely to have been thought of independently by different minds.
It is said that Lord Sandwich was fond of this form of food because it allowed him to continue playing cards at cribbage while eating, because he did not want to get his cards sticky, from eating meat with his bare hands. The name of the earldom comes from that of the English town of Sandwich in Kent—from the Old English Sandwic, meaning "sand place". Nowadays some types of sandwich are too unwieldy to be held in one hand, thus defeating Montagu's original purpose, and must be eaten with a knife and fork, or at least with both hands. In some countries it is considered proper to always use cutlery to eat sandwiches.
However, the generally recognised way to eat a sandwich is with one's hands. Eating a sandwich with cutlery arguably defeats the purpose of this specific food.
Sandwiches vary greatly both in their style—how they are put together—and their fillings. Not every style can be used with every filling.
Barros Jarpa, Chilean sandwich consisting in melted cheese and fried ham on white bread.
Barros Luco, Chilean sandwich consisting in, also, melted cheese, but with thin fried beef.
Chip butty, is a sandwich that has french fries in it
Melt sandwich: Tuna melt, etc.
Monte Cristo sandwich
Open sandwich, also known as "open face sandwiches". Traditional in several parts of Europe, especially in Scandinavia. In some parts of the United States the open face sandwich is usually served open face with warm meat (beef, turkey, ham) and covered with gravy.
Peanut butter and jam sandwich
Pizza puff, breading with filling inside.
Po' boy (or "poor boy")
Smörgåstårta, sandwich cake.
Taco, is a "soft" or fried corn or flour tortilla folded in half over the ingredients
Tea sandwich, are diminutive sandwiches usually reserved for entertaining
Toasted sandwich, is toasted under a grill or in a toaster oven
The Warren, natural peanut butter, bananas, swedish bread.
Bánh mì, Vietnamese sandwich
Barbecue -shredded meat in BBQ sauce
BLT sandwich (Bacon, Lettuce, and Tomato)
Cheese (often served with pickle)
Egg sandwich fried, scrambled, egg salad
Peanut butter and Marshmallow Fluff, called a Fluffernutter
French Dip sandwich and Italian beef sandwich
Ham and cheese
Hamburger or other ground meat patties, e.g.:
Big Mac of McDonald's
Whopper of Burger King
Hot dog or other sausages
Monte Cristo sandwich
Peanut butter and jelly sandwich
Nutella and other chocolate spreads
Potato chip sandwich, classic American "White trash" or "Trailer park trash" cuisine
SPAM - fried, with mayo or Miracle Whip