Yes, the children were innocent, but the blame for their deaths is not on God, but on their parents, who refused to listen to God's warning. Many years later the prophet Amos made this inspired statement that confirms God's view of the matter:
Amos 3:7, 8
7 For the Sovereign Lord Jehovah will not do...
Best answer: Yes, the children were innocent, but the blame for their deaths is not on God, but on their parents, who refused to listen to God's warning. Many years later the prophet Amos made this inspired statement that confirms God's view of the matter:
Amos 3:7, 8
7 For the Sovereign Lord Jehovah will not do a thing
Unless he has revealed his confidential matter to his servants the prophets.
8 The lion has roared! Who will not be afraid?
The Sovereign Lord Jehovah has spoken! Who will not prophesy?’
This is similar to the current situation when weather experts warn the residents of an area about a fast approaching hurricane or earthquake, and tell them to leave the area. Some do, but there are those who feel that they can ride it out. Those who feel that way not only very frequently forfeit their lives but the lives of their children.
However, God saw to it that an ongoing and decades-long warning was sounded by Noah and his family about the coming flood. Jesus said that those people were more involved in eating and drinking and getting married, instead of saving their lives and those of their children. Matthew 24:31-33
Also, the wages of sin is death, and the record showed that that generation were consistent evil-doers - .they did "bad all of the time".Genesis 6:5 God was no more to blame for their deaths than were the weather experts who warn people today in disaster areas.
Regarding the Egyptians, the Jews who were formerly guests of Egypt became oppressed slaves, and they were so numerous that Pharaoh at one point commanded that the male children of the Jews be killed. Two midwives courageously disobeyed that command and were blessed for it and the Jews continued to grow in number But the Pharaoh told his people to throw the male children into the Nile River. Apparently there were children who were killed at that time, by the word of the king of Egypt.
Moses, who was saved as a baby at that time, grew to become a mighty and faithful means of salvation for the children of Israel, with God's help. The Egyptian families were given an opportunity to show obedience to the God of Israel and their possessions were saved by the obedience of some. The last plague, the death of the firstborn, was also stopped by some of the Egyptian parents by their obedience to God's direction - they participated in the first Passover by spilling lamb's blood on their doorposts, and their children's lives were saved.
All of this is to demonstrate that the God of Israel is a God of mercy, who wants for people to repent from wrongdoing, and does not want to see them or their children die. God holds parents responsible for the welfare - the life or death - of their children. And, for those children who were judged appropriately by God, "there will be a resurrection of both the righteous and the unrighteous." Acts 24:15
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